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The Sacred Valley of the Incas is an impressive and historical valley that was inhabited by pre-Inca and Inca civilizations who built impressive works of agricultural engineering admired by the whole world. Located northeast of Cusco, the Sacred Valley of the Incas is a spectacular valley, located within the South American Andes mountain range. Running parallel to the Urubamba River, also known as the Vilcanota River. Several centuries ago, the Incas considered it a sacred river, calling it Wilkamayu. This fabulous river is born in the Cordillera of the same name that is located between Cusco and Puno, it descends in the Sacred Valley of Pisaq, Ollantaytambo, Machu Picchu,
This beautiful valley between the towns of Pisac, Ollantaytambo, and Machu Picchu was highly admired by Peruvian ancestors due to the special conditions, such as a beneficial climate, fertile lands, and the presence of the Vilcanota River. The pre-Incas and Incas, thanks to the qualities that nature gave them, built architectural constructions related to agriculture. Grassroots activity Both on the Coast and in the Sierra, agricultural production was voluminous and diverse. Main crops: they were food, industrial and medicinal plants. In this area, the Incas found the perfect place to record their intrinsic knowledge of hydraulic engineering and their deep love for nature. That is why aqueducts, irrigation canals, Vilcanota River channels, impressive terraces, and centers for astronomical scientific observation and spiritual activities are still maintained. The Sacred Valley continues to be an important place for the city of Cusco because it is supplied with numerous products, such as corn, fruits, and vegetables.
We will pick you up from your hotel at 8:30 a.m. and head to the town of Pisac in the south of the valley, situated on the Vilcanota River with picturesque terraced fields on the mountain. Here we will visit this archeological site best known for its Incan ruins where many traditional rituals were conducted to honor Pachamama, a goddess revered by the Incas. It is also famous for its fairs where you can buy beautiful handicrafts. We will then travel approximately one-hour and arrive at Urubamba where we will have a buffet lunch with Peruvian dishes from the local area. Following lunch, we will travel to the historic town of Ollantaytambo, pronounced Oh-yan-tay-tam-bo, with its cobblestoned streets where descendants of the Incas still live in the homes of their ancestors. This site is known for the Ollantaytambo ruins, a massive Inca fortress with large stone terraces on a hillside where many battles were fought because of its strategic location in the mountains and near the jungle. We drive for another hour and twenty minutes to reach Chinchero where we will see the local colonial church and a little market. After we are finished exploring we will travel back to Cusco where we should arrive at approximately 6:00 p.m.